fds20160113_10q.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


 

Form 10-Q

 


 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended February 29, 2016

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______to ______

  

Commission File Number: 1-11869

 


 

FACTSET RESEARCH SYSTEMS INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 


   

Delaware

13-3362547

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

   

601 Merritt 7, Norwalk, Connecticut

06851

(Address of principal executive office)

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (203) 810-1000

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes     No 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes     No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer  Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes
   No

 

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, $.01 par value, as of March 31, 2016 was 40,880,059.

 



 

 
 

 

 

FactSet Research Systems Inc.

Form 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended February 29, 2016

 

Index

 

   

 

 

Page 

Part I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

     

Item 1.

Financial Statements

 
     

 

Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015

3

     
 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015

4

     

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets at February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015

5

     

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015

6

     

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

7

     

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

30

     

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

45

     

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

46

     

Part II

OTHER INFORMATION

 
     

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

47

     

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

47

     

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

47

     

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

47

     

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

47

     

Item 5.

Other Information

47

     

Item 6.

Exhibits

48

     
 

Signatures

48

 

For additional information about FactSet Research Systems Inc. and access to its Annual Reports to Stockholders and Securities and Exchange Commission filings, free of charge, please visit the website at http://investor.factset.com. Any information on or linked from the website is not incorporated by reference into this Form 10-Q.

 

 
2

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

FactSet Research Systems Inc.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME – Unaudited

 

 

   

Three Months Ended

   

Six Months Ended

 
(In thousands, except per share data)  

February 29,

2016

   

February 28,

2015

   

February 29,

2016

   

February 28,

2015

 

Revenues

  $ 281,796     $ 247,792     $ 552,300     $ 490,468  

Operating expenses

                               

Cost of services

    123,911       99,516       238,647       197,059  

Selling, general and administrative

    72,541       67,628       141,001       132,501  

Total operating expenses

    196,452       167,144       379,648       329,560  
                                 

Operating income

    85,344       80,648       172,652       160,908  

Other (expense) income

    (424 )     534       (331 )     964  

Income before income taxes

    84,920       81,182       172,321       161,872  
                                 

Provision for income taxes

    17,157       19,584       44,594       44,414  

Net income

  $ 67,763     $ 61,598     $ 127,727     $ 117,458  
                                 

Basic earnings per common share

  $ 1.65     $ 1.48     $ 3.10     $ 2.82  

Diluted earnings per common share

  $ 1.63     $ 1.46     $ 3.06     $ 2.78  
                                 

Basic weighted average common shares

    41,117       41,630       41,252       41,658  

Diluted weighted average common shares

    41,536       42,306       41,799       42,324  

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 
3

 

 

FactSet Research Systems Inc.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME – Unaudited

 

   

Three Months Ended

   

Six Months Ended

 
(In thousands)  

February 29,

2016

   

February 28,

2015

   

February 29,

2016

   

February 28,

2015

 

Net income

  $ 67,763     $ 61,598     $ 127,727     $ 117,458  
                                 

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

                               

Net unrealized (loss) gain on cash flow hedges*

    (1,819 )     843       (2,236 )     731  

Foreign currency translation adjustments

    (10,364 )     (8,011 )     (16,750 )     (21,566 )

Other comprehensive loss

    (12,183 )     (7,168 )     (18,986 )     (20,835 )

Comprehensive income

  $ 55,580     $ 54,430     $ 108,741     $ 96,623  

 

 

* For the three and six months ended February 29, 2016, the unrealized loss on cash flow hedges was net of tax benefits of $1,068 and $1,311 respectively. The unrealized gain on cash flow hedges disclosed above for the three and six months ended February 28, 2015, was net of tax expense of $501 and $434, respectively

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 
4

 

 

FactSet Research Systems Inc.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   

February 29,

2016

   

August 31,

2015

 

(In thousands, except share data)

 

(Unaudited)

         

ASSETS

               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 175,170     $ 158,914  

Investments

    22,931       23,497  

Accounts receivable, net of reserves of $1,468 at February 29, 2016 and $1,580 at August 31, 2015

    105,928       95,064  

Prepaid taxes

    2,107       4,808  

Deferred taxes

    3,397       2,105  

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

    17,808       19,786  

Total current assets

    327,341       304,174  
                 

Property, equipment and leasehold improvements, at cost

    232,741       213,279  

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

    (157,074 )     (154,015 )

Property, equipment and leasehold improvements, net

    75,667       59,264  

Goodwill

    489,340       308,287  

Intangible assets, net

    106,753       40,052  

Deferred taxes

    17,744       20,599  

Other assets

    4,860       4,295  

TOTAL ASSETS

  $ 1,021,705     $ 736,671  
                 

LIABILITIES

               

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

  $ 39,210     $ 33,880  

Accrued compensation

    35,079       44,916  

Deferred fees

    44,038       38,488  

Deferred taxes

    321       562  

Taxes payable

    3,345       3,755  

Dividends payable

    18,044       18,179  

Total current liabilities

    140,037       139,780  
                 

Long-term debt

    300,000       35,000  

Deferred taxes

    1,469       1,697  

Taxes payable

    8,488       6,776  

Deferred rent and other non-current liabilities

    30,653       21,834  

TOTAL LIABILITIES

  $ 480,647     $ 205,087  

Commitments and contingencies (See Note 17)

               
                 

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

               

Preferred stock, $.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued

  $     $  

Common stock, $.01 par value, 150,000,000 shares authorized, 50,748,192 and 50,328,423 shares issued; 41,007,840 and 41,316,902 shares outstanding at February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015, respectively

    507       503  

Additional paid-in capital

    595,030       542,355  

Treasury stock, at cost: 9,740,352 and 9,011,521 shares at February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015, respectively

    (1,104,567 )     (988,873 )

Retained earnings

    1,113,126       1,021,651  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (63,038 )     (44,052 )

TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

  $ 541,058     $ 531,584  
                 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

  $ 1,021,705     $ 736,671  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 
5

 

 

FactSet Research Systems Inc.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS – Unaudited

 

   

Six Months Ended

 

(in thousands)

 

February 29,

2016

   

February 28,

2015

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

               

Net income

  $ 127,727     $ 117,458  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities

               

Depreciation and amortization

    18,260       16,222  

Stock-based compensation expense

    15,027       11,037  

Deferred income taxes

    732       2,697  

Gain on sale of assets

          (4 )

Tax benefits from share-based payment arrangements

    (10,804 )     (11,743 )

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions

               

Accounts receivable, net of reserves

    (5,683 )     (9,280 )

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    1,930       4,206  

Accrued compensation

    (10,180 )     (12,753 )

Deferred fees

    913       2,624  

Taxes payable, net of prepaid taxes

    15,138       3,139  

Prepaid expenses and other assets

    1,816       (1,664 )

Deferred rent and other non-current liabilities

    9,372       (1,172 )

Other working capital accounts, net

    (22 )     (27 )

Net cash provided by operating activities

    164,226       120,740  
                 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

               

Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired

    (264,087 )     (30,133 )

Purchases of investments

    (12,530 )     (12,437 )

Proceeds from sales of investments

    12,423       7,535  

Purchases of property, equipment and leasehold improvements, net of proceeds from dispositions

    (26,438 )     (11,764 )

Net cash used in investing activities

    (290,632 )     (46,799 )
                 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

               

Dividend payments

    (36,132 )     (32,286 )

Repurchase of common stock

    (115,695 )     (106,317 )

Proceeds from debt

    265,000       35,000  

Debt issuance costs

    (12 )     (32 )

Proceeds from employee stock plans

    26,848       34,393  

Tax benefits from share-based payment arrangements

    10,804       11,743  

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

    150,813       (57,499 )
                 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

    (8,151 )     (10,750 )

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

    16,256       5,692  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

    158,914       116,378  

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

  $ 175,170     $ 122,070  

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 
6

 

 

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FactSet Research Systems Inc.

February 29, 2016

(Unaudited)

 

1. ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF BUSINESS

 

FactSet Research Systems Inc. (the “Company” or “FactSet”) is a provider of integrated financial information and analytical applications for the global investment community. FactSet combines content regarding companies and securities from major markets all over the globe into a single online platform of information and analytics. By consolidating content from hundreds of databases with powerful analytics, FactSet supports the investment process from initial research to published results for buy and sell-side professionals. These professionals include portfolio managers, research and performance analysts, risk managers, marketing professionals, sell-side equity research professionals, investment bankers and fixed income professionals. The Company’s applications provide users access to company and industry analyses, multicompany comparisons, company screening, portfolio analysis, predictive risk measurements, alphatesting, portfolio optimization and simulation, real-time news and quotes and tools to value and analyze fixed income securities and portfolios. With Microsoft® Office integration, wireless access and customizable options, FactSet offers a complete financial workflow solution. The Company’s revenues are derived from subscriptions to services such as workstations, content and applications.

 

2. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

FactSet conducts business globally and is managed on a geographic basis. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany activity and balances have been eliminated from the consolidated financial statements.

 

The accompanying financial data as of February 29, 2016 and for the three and six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015 has been prepared by the Company, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The August 31, 2015 Consolidated Balance Sheet was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. However, the Company believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. The information in this Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2015.

 

In the opinion of management, the accompanying balance sheets and related interim statements of income, comprehensive income and cash flows include all normal adjustments in order to present fairly the results of the Company’s operations for the periods presented in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

 

The Company has evaluated subsequent events through the date that the financial statements were issued.

 

3. RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

As of the beginning of fiscal 2016, FactSet implemented all applicable new accounting standards and updates issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) that were in effect. There were no new standards or updates adopted during the first six months of fiscal 2016 that had a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

 

Revenue Recognition

In May 2014, the FASB issued an accounting standard update which provides clarified principles for recognizing revenue arising from contracts with clients and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The core principle of the revenue model is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to clients in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In applying the revenue model to contracts within its scope, an entity will identify the contract with a client, identify the performance obligations in the contract, determine the transaction price, allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract and recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. This accounting standard update will be effective for FactSet beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2019, with early adoption in fiscal 2018 permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on its consolidated financial statements.

 

 
7

 

 

Going Concern

In August 2014, the FASB issued an accounting standard update that requires management to evaluate and disclose whether there are conditions and events that raise substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after financial statements are issued. The evaluation and disclosure will be required to be made for both annual and interim reporting periods, if applicable, along with an evaluation as to whether management’s plans alleviate that doubt. This accounting standard update will be effective for FactSet beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. The Company does not believe this new accounting standard update will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Income Statement Presentation – Extraordinary and Unusual Items

In January 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standard update that eliminates from GAAP the concept of extraordinary items. This accounting standard update will be effective for FactSet beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. The standard primarily involves presentation and disclosure and, therefore, is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or its cash flows.

 

Simplification Guidance on Debt Issuance Costs

In April 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standard update which changes the presentation of debt issuance costs in the applicable financial statements. Under the accounting standard update, an entity should present such costs in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the related debt liability rather than as an asset. Amortization of the costs is reported as interest expense. This accounting standard update will be effective for FactSet beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, with early adoption in fiscal 2016 permitted. The Company does not believe this new accounting standard update will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standard update to amend the previous guidance issued in April 2015 and address debt issuance costs related to line-of-credit arrangements. The accounting standard update allows an entity to present debt issuance costs related to a line-of-credit as an asset and subsequently amortize the deferred debt issuance costs ratably over the term of the line-of-credit arrangement, regardless of whether there are any outstanding borrowings on the arrangement. This accounting standard update did not impact the effective date of the previously issued guidance and the Company does not believe it will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Customers’ Accounting for Cloud Computing Costs

In April 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standard update to provide guidance on a customer’s accounting for cloud computing costs. Under the accounting standard update, a customer must determine whether a cloud computing arrangement contains a software license. If so, the customer would account for the fees related to the software license element in a manner consistent with internal-use software guidance. This new guidance will be effective for FactSet beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. The Company does not believe this new accounting standard update will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Simplification of the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments

In September 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standard update to simplify the accounting for measurement-period adjustments related to a business combination. Under the accounting standard update, an acquirer must recognize adjustments to provisional amounts that are identified during the measurement period in the reporting period in which the adjustment amounts are determined. The accounting standard update also requires acquirers to present separately on the face of the income statement, or disclose in the notes, the portion of the amount recorded in current-period earnings by line item that would have been recorded in previous reporting periods if the adjustment to the provisional amounts had been recognized as of the acquisition date. This guidance will be effective for FactSet beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. The Company does not believe this new accounting standard update will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes

In November 2015, the FASB issued an accounting standard update to simplify the presentation of deferred taxes on the balance sheet. The accounting standard update will require an entity to present all deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities as non-current on the balance sheet. Under the current guidance, entities are required to separately present deferred taxes as current or non-current. Netting deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities by tax jurisdiction will still be required under the new guidance. This guidance will be effective for FactSet beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2018, with early adoption in fiscal 2017 permitted. The accounting standard update is a change in balance sheet presentation only and, as such, the Company does not believe this new accounting standard update will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements

 

Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities

In January 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard update to amend its current guidance on the classification and measurement of certain financial instruments. The accounting standard update significantly revises an entity’s accounting related to the presentation of certain fair value changes for financial liabilities measured at fair value. This guidance also amends certain disclosure requirements associated with the fair value of financial instruments. This guidance will be effective for FactSet beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on its consolidated financial statements..

 

 
8

 

 

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard update related to accounting for leases. The guidance introduces a lessee model that requires most leases to be reported on the balance sheet. The accounting standard update aligns many of the underlying principles of the new lessor model with those in the FASB’s new revenue recognition standard. The guidance also eliminates the requirement in current U.S. GAAP for an entity to use bright-line tests in determining lease classification. This accounting standard update will be effective for FactSet beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2020, with early adoption in fiscal 2019 permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on its consolidated financial statements.

 

No other new accounting pronouncements issued or effective as of February 29, 2016 have had or are expected to have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

4. FAIR VALUE MEASURES

 

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability (i.e., the “exit price”) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In determining fair value, the use of various valuation methodologies, including market, income and cost approaches is permissible. The Company considers the principal or most advantageous market in which it would transact and considers assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability. 

 

Fair Value Hierarchy

 

The accounting guidance for fair value measurements establishes a fair value hierarchy that requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. There are three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value based on the reliability of inputs. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment and may affect their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels. FactSet has categorized its cash equivalents, investments and derivatives within the fair value hierarchy as follows:

 

Level 1 – applies to assets or liabilities for which there are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. These Level 1 assets and liabilities include the Company’s corporate money market funds that are classified as cash equivalents.

 

Level 2 – applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets with insufficient volume or infrequent transactions (less active markets); or model-derived valuations in which significant inputs are observable or can be derived principally from, or corroborated by, observable market data. The Company’s certificates of deposit and derivative instruments are classified as Level 2.

 

Level 3 – applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities. There were no Level 3 assets or liabilities held by the Company as of February 29, 2016 or August 31, 2015.

 

(a) Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

 

The following tables shows by level within the fair value hierarchy the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis at February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015:

 

   

Fair Value Measurements at February 29, 2016

 

(in thousands)

 

Level 1

   

Level 2

   

Level 3

   

Total

 

Assets

                               

Corporate money market funds (1)

  $ 92,369     $     $     $ 92,369  

Certificates of deposit (2)

          22,931             22,931  

Total assets measured at fair value

  $ 92,369     $ 22,931     $     $ 115,300  
                                 

Liabilities

                               

Derivative instruments (3)

  $     $ 4,114     $     $ 4,114  

Total liabilities measured at fair value

  $     $ 4,114     $     $ 4,114  

 

 
9

 

 

   

Fair Value Measurements at August 31, 2015

 

(in thousands)

 

Level 1

   

Level 2

   

Level 3

   

Total

 

Assets

                               

Corporate money market funds (1)

  $ 89,443     $     $     $ 89,443  

Certificates of deposit (2)

          23,497             23,497  

Derivative instruments (3)

          1,035             1,035  

Total assets measured at fair value

  $ 89,443     $ 24,532     $     $ 113,975  
                                 
                                 

Liabilities

                               

Derivative instruments (3)

  $     $ 1,602     $     $ 1,602  

Total liabilities measured at fair value

  $     $ 1,602     $     $ 1,602  

 

 

(1)

The Company’s corporate money market funds are traded in an active market and the net asset value of each fund on the last day of the quarter is used to determine its fair value. As such, the Company’s corporate money market funds are classified as Level 1 and included in cash and cash equivalents on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

 

(2)

The Company’s certificates of deposit held for investment are not debt securities and are classified as Level 2. These certificates of deposit have original maturities greater than three months, but less than one year and, as such, are classified as investments (short-term) on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

 

(3)

The Company utilizes the income approach to measure fair value for its derivative instruments (foreign currency forward contracts). The income approach uses pricing models that rely on market observable inputs such as spot, forward and interest rates, as well as credit default swap spreads and therefore are classified as Level 2.

 

The Company did not have any transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements during the periods presented.

 

(b) Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Non-recurring Basis

 

Certain assets, including goodwill and intangible assets, and liabilities, are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis; that is, the assets and liabilities are not measured at fair value on an ongoing basis but are subject to fair value adjustments in certain circumstances such as when they are deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired. The fair values of these non-financial assets and liabilities are determined based on valuation techniques using the best information available, and may include quoted market prices, market comparables, and discounted cash flow projections. An impairment charge is recorded when the cost exceeds its fair value, based upon the results of such valuations. During the three and six months ended February 29, 2016, no fair value adjustments or material fair value measurements were required for the Company’s non-financial assets or liabilities.

 

(c) Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value for Disclosure Purposes only

 

As of February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015, the fair value of the Company’s long-term debt was $300.0 million and $35.0 million, respectively, which approximated its carrying amount given its floating interest rate basis. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt was determined based on quoted market prices for debt with a similar maturity, and thus categorized as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.

 

5. DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS

 

Cash Flow Hedges

 

FactSet conducts business outside the U.S. in several currencies including the British Pound Sterling, Euro, Indian Rupee, Japanese Yen and Philippine Peso. As such, it is exposed to movements in foreign currency exchange rates compared to the U.S. dollar. The Company utilizes derivative instruments (foreign currency forward contracts) to manage the exposures related to the effects of foreign exchange rate fluctuations and reduce the volatility of earnings and cash flows associated with changes in foreign currency. The Company does not enter into foreign currency forward contracts for trading or speculative purposes. In designing a specific hedging approach, FactSet considered several factors, including offsetting exposures, the significance of exposures, the forecasting of risk and the potential effectiveness of the hedge. The gains and losses on foreign currency forward contracts offset the variability in operating expenses associated with currency movements. The changes in fair value for these foreign currency forward contracts are initially reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss (“AOCL”) and subsequently reclassified into operating expenses when the hedged exposure affects earnings. There was no discontinuance of cash flow hedges during the first six months fiscal 2016 and 2015, and as such, no corresponding gains or losses related to changes in the value of the Company’s contracts were reclassified into earnings prior to settlement.

 

 
10

 

 

As of February 29, 2016, FactSet maintained the following foreign currency forward contracts to hedge its British Pound Sterling, Euro and Indian Rupee exposures:

 

 

British Pound Sterling - foreign currency forward contracts to hedge approximately 50% of its British Pound Sterling exposure through the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017.

 

 

Euro - foreign currency forward contracts to hedge approximately 50% of its Euro exposure through the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016.

 

 

Indian Rupee - foreign currency forward contracts to hedge approximately 75% of its Indian Rupee exposure through the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018.

 

The following is a summary of all hedging positions and corresponding fair values:

 

(in thousands)

 

Gross Notional Value

   

Fair Value (Liability) Asset

 

Currency Hedged (in U.S. dollars)

 

February 29,

2016

   

August 31,

2015

   

February 29,

2016

   

August 31,

2015

 

British Pound Sterling

  $ 48,858     $ 15,831     $ (2,205 )   $ 280  

Euro

    9,938       20,263       (117 )     143  

Indian Rupee

    60,310       56,320       (1,792 )     (990 )

Total

  $ 119,106     $ 92,414     $ (4,114 )   $ (567 )

 

As of February 29, 2016, the gross notional value of foreign currency forward contracts to purchase British Pound Sterling with U.S. dollars was £33.4 million. The gross notional value of foreign currency forward contracts to purchase Euros with U.S. dollars was €9.0 million. The gross notional value of foreign currency forward contracts to purchase Indian Rupees with U.S. dollars was Rs. 4.3 billion.

 

Counterparty Credit Risk

 

As a result of the use of derivative instruments, the Company is exposed to counterparty credit risk. FactSet has incorporated counterparty risk into the fair value of its derivative assets and its own credit risk into the value of the Company’s derivative liabilities. FactSet calculates credit risk from observable data related to credit default swaps (“CDS”) as quoted by publicly available information. Counterparty risk is represented by CDS spreads related to the senior secured debt of the respective bank with whom FactSet has executed these derivative transactions. Because CDS spread information is not available for FactSet, the Company’s credit risk is determined based on using a simple average of CDS spreads for peer companies. To mitigate counterparty credit risk, FactSet enters into contracts with large financial institutions and regularly reviews its credit exposure balances as well as the creditworthiness of the counterparties. The Company does not expect any losses as a result of default of its counterparties.

 

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments 

 

The following tables provide a summary of the fair value amounts of derivative instruments and gains and losses on derivative instruments:

 

(in thousands)

Designation of Derivatives

Balance Sheet Location

 

February 29, 2016

   

August 31, 2015

 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments

Assets: Foreign Currency Forward Contracts

                 
 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

  $     $ 1,035  
                     
 

Liabilities: Foreign Currency Forward Contracts

                 
 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

  $ 2,624     $  
 

Deferred rent and other non-current liabilities

    1,490       1,602  

 

All derivatives were designated as hedging instruments as of February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015, respectively.

 

Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships

 

The following table provides the pre-tax effect of derivative instruments in cash flow hedging relationships for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015:

 

(in thousands)

 

(Loss) Gain Recognized

in AOCL on Derivatives
(Effective Portion)

 

Location of Loss
Reclassified from AOCL into Income
(Effective Portion)

 

Loss Reclassified
from AOCL into Income
(Effective Portion)

 

Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships

 

2016

   

2015

     

2016

   

2015

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

  $ (2,891 )   $ 1,192  

SG&A

  $ (4 )   $ (152 )

 

 
11

 

 

The following table provides the pre-tax effect of derivative instruments in cash flow hedging relationships for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015:

 

(in thousands)

 

(Loss) Gain Recognized

in AOCL on Derivatives
(Effective Portion)

 

Location of Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from AOCL into Income
(Effective Portion)

 

Gain (Loss) Reclassified
from AOCL into Income
(Effective Portion)

 

Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships

 

2016

   

2015

     

2016

   

2015

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

  $ (3,496 )   $ 974  

SG&A

  $ 52     $ (191 )

 

No amount of ineffectiveness was recorded in the Consolidated Statements of Income for these designated cash flow hedges and all components of each derivative’s gain or loss was included in the assessment of hedge effectiveness. As of February 29, 2016, FactSet estimates that approximately $2.6 million of net derivative losses related to its cash flow hedges included in AOCL will be reclassified into earnings within the next 12 months.

 

Offsetting of Derivative Instruments

 

FactSet’s master netting and other similar arrangements with its respective counterparties allow for net settlement under certain conditions. As of February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015, information related to these offsetting arrangements was as follows:

 

(in thousands)

 

Derivatives Offset in Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

February 29, 2016

 

Gross Derivative

Amounts

   

Gross Derivative

Amounts Offset in

Balance Sheet

   

Net

Amounts

 

Fair value of assets

  $ 177     $ (177 )   $  

Fair value of liabilities

    (4,291 )     177       (4,114 )

Total

  $ (4,114 )   $     $ (4,114 )

 

(in thousands)

 

Derivatives Offset in Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

August 31, 2015

 

Gross Derivative

Amounts

   

Gross Derivative

Amounts Offset in

Balance Sheet

   

Net

Amounts

 

Fair value of assets

  $ 1,040     $ (5 )   $ 1,035  

Fair value of liabilities

    (1,607 )     5       (1,602 )

Total

  $ (567 )   $     $ (567 )

 

6. OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS AND ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

 

The components of other comprehensive loss and amounts reclassified out of AOCL into earnings during the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015 are as follows:

 

   

February 29, 2016

   

February 28, 2015

 

(in thousands)

 

Pre-tax

   

Net of tax

   

Pre-tax

   

Net of tax

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

  $ (10,364 )   $ (10,364 )   $ (8,011 )   $ (8,011 )

Realized loss on cash flow hedges reclassified to earnings (1)

    4       3       152       95  

Unrealized (loss) gain on cash flow hedges recognized in AOCL

    (2,891 )     (1,822 )     1,192       748  

Other comprehensive loss

  $ (13,251 )   $ (12,183 )   $ (6,667 )   $ (7,168 )

 

 

(1)

Reclassified to Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

The components of other comprehensive loss and amounts reclassified out of AOCL into earnings during the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015 are as follows:

 

   

February 29, 2016

   

February 28, 2015

 

(in thousands)

 

Pre-tax

   

Net of tax

   

Pre-tax

   

Net of tax

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

  $ (16,750 )   $ (16,750 )   $ (21,566 )   $ (21,566 )

Realized loss (gain) on cash flow hedges reclassified to earnings (1)

    (52 )     (32 )     191       120  

Unrealized (loss) gain on cash flow hedges recognized in AOCL

    (3,496 )     (2,204 )     974       611  

Other comprehensive loss

  $ (20,298 )   $ (18,986 )   $ (20,401 )   $ (20,835 )

 

 

(1)

Reclassified to Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

 
12

 

 

The components of AOCL are as follows:

 

(in thousands)

 

February 29, 2016

   

August 31, 2015

 

Accumulated unrealized losses on cash flow hedges, net of tax

  $ (2,594 )   $ (358 )

Accumulated foreign currency translation adjustments

    (60,444 )     (43,694 )

Total accumulated other comprehensive loss

  $ (63,038 )   $ (44,052 )

 

7. SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise that engage in business activities from which they may earn revenues and incur expenses, whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the enterprise’s chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment and assess its performance, and for which discrete financial information is available. FactSet’s CODM is its Chief Executive Officer, who is responsible for making decisions about resources allocated amongst the operating segments based on actual results.

 

FactSet’s operating segments are aligned with how the Company, including its CODM, manages the business and the demographic markets in which FactSet serves. The Company’s internal financial reporting structure is based on three segments; the U.S., Europe and Asia Pacific. FactSet believes this alignment helps it better manage the business and view the markets the Company serves, which are centered on providing integrated global financial and economic information. Sales, consulting, data collection, product development and software engineering are the primary functional groups within the U.S., Europe and Asia Pacific segments that provide global financial and economic information to investment managers, investment banks and other financial services professionals. The U.S. segment services finance professionals including financial institutions throughout the Americas, while the European and Asia Pacific segments service investment professionals located throughout Europe and the Asia Pacific region, respectively.

 

The European segment is headquartered in London, England and maintains office locations in France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Spain, South Africa, Sweden and Dubai. The Asia Pacific segment is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan with office locations in Australia, Hong Kong, Singapore and India. Segment revenues reflect direct sales to clients based in their respective geographic locations. There are no intersegment or intercompany sales of FactSet services. Each segment records compensation expense, including stock-based compensation, amortization of intangible assets, depreciation of furniture and fixtures, amortization of leasehold improvements, communication costs, professional fees, rent expense, travel, marketing, office and other direct expenses. Expenditures associated with the Company’s data centers, third party data costs and corporate headquarters charges are recorded by the U.S. segment and are not allocated to the other segments. The content collection centers located in India and the Philippines benefit all of the Company’s operating segments and thus the expenses incurred at these locations are allocated to each segment based on a percentage of revenues. Of the total $489.3 million of goodwill reported by the Company at February 29, 2016, 82% was recorded in the U.S. segment, 17% in the European segment and the remaining 1% in the Asia Pacific segment.

 

The following reflects the results of operations of the segments consistent with the Company’s management system. These results are used by management, both in evaluating the performance of, and in allocating resources to, each of the segments.

 

(in thousands)

For the three months ended February 29, 2016

 

U.S.

   

Europe

   

Asia Pacific

   

Total

 

Revenues from clients

  $ 189,653     $ 68,976     $ 23,167     $ 281,796  

Segment operating profit

    40,297       31,450       13,597       85,344  

Total assets

    705,898       239,687       76,120       1,021,705  

Capital expenditures

    10,180       483       1,390       12,053  

 

For the three months ended February 28, 2015

 

U.S.

   

Europe

   

Asia Pacific

   

Total

 

Revenues from clients

  $ 166,539     $ 62,554     $ 18,699     $ 247,792  

Segment operating profit

    42,503       27,899       10,246       80,648  

Total assets

    410,524       236,313       62,735       709,572  

Capital expenditures

    6,506       123       321       6,950  

 

For the six months ended February 29, 2016

 

U.S.

   

Europe

   

Asia Pacific

   

Total

 

Revenues from clients

  $ 371,897     $ 135,955     $ 44,448     $ 552,300  

Segment operating profit

    85,459       62,232       24,961       172,652  

Capital expenditures

    23,072       1,268       2,098       26,438  

 

 
13

 

 

For the six months ended February 28, 2015

 

U.S.

   

Europe

   

Asia Pacific

   

Total

 

Revenues from clients

  $ 330,201     $ 123,164     $ 37,103     $ 490,468  

Segment operating profit

    86,938       54,488       19,482       160,908  

Capital expenditures

    10,831       208       725       11,764  

 

 

8. BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

 

Portware LLC

 

On October 16, 2015, FactSet acquired Portware LLC (“Portware”) for a total purchase price of $264.8 million. At the time of acquisition, Portware employed 166 individuals in its New York, London, Hong Kong, and Hyderabad, India offices. Portware is a global provider of multi-asset trade automation solutions for mega and large asset managers. With the acquisition of Portware, FactSet now offers a platform that it expects will increase value to global asset managers by expanding its capabilities to include multi-asset trade automation. This factor contributed to a purchase price in excess of fair value of Portware’s net tangible and intangible assets, leading to the recognition of goodwill. Total transaction costs related to the acquisition were $0.7 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016. These transaction expenses were recorded within Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”) expenses in the Consolidated Statement of Income.

 

Allocation of the purchase price to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed was not yet finalized as of February 29, 2016 as it is subject to finalizing certain acquired assets and liabilities in addition to working capital adjustments. The preliminary purchase price was allocated to Portware’s net tangible and intangible assets based upon their estimated fair value as of the date of acquisition. Based upon the purchase price and preliminary valuation, the allocation is as follows:

 

(in thousands)        

Tangible assets acquired

  $ 9,559  

Amortizable intangible assets

       

Software technology

    43,000  

Client relationships

    27,000  

Non-compete agreements

    3,500  

Trade name

    2,000  

Goodwill

    188,467  

Total assets acquired

  $ 273,526  

Liabilities assumed

    8,765  

Net assets acquired

  $ 264,761  

 

Intangible assets of $75.5 million have been allocated to amortizable intangible assets consisting of client relationships, amortized over 16 years using an accelerated amortization method; software technology, amortized over eight years using a straight-line amortization method; non-compete agreements, amortized over seven years using a straight-line amortization method; and a trade name, amortized over five years using a straight-line amortization method.

 

Goodwill totaling $188.5 million represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets acquired and is included in the U.S. segment. Approximately 95% of the total goodwill generated from the Portware acquisition is deductible for income tax purposes. The results of operations of Portware have been included in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income since the completion of the acquisition on October 16, 2015. Pro forma information has not been presented because the effect of the Portware acquisition was not material to the Company’s consolidated financial results.

 

Code Red, Inc.

 

On February 6, 2015, FactSet acquired Code Red, Inc. (“Code Red”) for $36.0 million. At the time of acquisition, Code Red employed 32 individuals in its Boston, New York and London offices. Code Red provides research management technologies to the investment community, including endowments and foundations, institutional asset managers, sovereign wealth funds, pensions, and hedge funds. With the addition of Code Red to FactSet's existing Research Management Solutions (“RMS”), FactSet now offers an RMS for all its clients' workflows, which is consistent with the Company’s strategy of offering software and tools to make client workflows more efficient. This factor contributed to a purchase price in excess of fair value of Code Red’s net tangible and intangible assets, leading to the recognition of goodwill.

 

 
14

 

 

The total purchase price of Code Red is as follows:

 

(in thousands)

       

Cash consideration

  $ 32,962  

Fair value of FactSet stock issued

    2,991  

Total purchase price

  $ 35,953  

 

Allocation of the purchase price to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed was finalized during the second quarter of fiscal 2016. There were no significant adjustments between the preliminary and final allocation. The total purchase price was allocated to Code Red’s net tangible and intangible assets based upon their estimated fair value as of the date of acquisition.

 

Based upon the purchase price and the valuation, the allocation is as follows:

 

(in thousands)        

Tangible assets acquired

  $ 3,090  

Amortizable intangible assets

       

Software technology

    4,359  

Client relationships

    3,546  

Non-compete agreements

    201  

Trade name

    155  

Goodwill

    29,602  

Total assets acquired

  $ 40,953  

Liabilities assumed

    (5,000 )

Net assets acquired

  $ 35,953  

 

Intangible assets of $8.3 million have been allocated to amortizable intangible assets consisting of software technology, amortized over six years using a straight-line amortization method; client relationships, amortized over eight years using an accelerated amortization method; non-compete agreements, amortized over four years using a straight-line amortization method; and a trade name, amortized over three years using a straight-line amortization method.

 

Goodwill totaling $29.6 million represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets acquired. Goodwill generated from the Code Red acquisition is included in the U.S. segment and is not deductible for income tax purposes. The results of operations of Code Red have been included in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income since the completion of the acquisition on February 6, 2015 and the results did not have a material impact on the second quarter of fiscal 2016. Pro forma information has not been presented because the effect of the Code Red acquisition was not material to the Company’s consolidated financial results.

 

9. GOODWILL

 

Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment for the six months ended February 29, 2016 are as follows:

 

(in thousands)

 

U.S.

   

Europe

   

Asia Pacific

   

Total

 

Balance at August 31, 2015

  $ 211,869     $ 93,725     $ 2,693     $ 308,287  

Goodwill acquired during the period

    188,467                   188,467  

Foreign currency translations

          (7,587 )     198       (7,389 )

Other adjustments

    (25 )                 (25 )

Balance at February 29, 2016

  $ 400,311     $ 86,138     $ 2,891     $ 489,340  

 

Goodwill is not amortized as it has an estimated indefinite life. At least annually, the Company is required to test goodwill at the reporting unit level for potential impairment. Goodwill is tested for impairment based on the present value of discounted cash flows, and, if impaired, written down to fair value based on discounted cash flows. The Company has three reporting units, which are consistent with the operating segments reported as there is no discrete financial information available for the subsidiaries within each operating segment. The Company’s reporting units evaluated for potential impairment were the U.S., Europe and Asia Pacific, which reflects the level of internal reporting the Company uses to manage its business and operations. The Company performed its annual goodwill impairment test during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015, consistent with the timing of previous years, at which time it was determined that there were no indications of impairment, with the fair value of each of the Company’s reporting units significantly exceeding carrying value. Goodwill acquired during the first six months of fiscal 2016 of $188.5 million represents the excess of the preliminary purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets from the Portware acquisition completed in October 2015.

 

 
15

 

 

10. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

FactSet’s identifiable intangible assets consist of acquired content databases, client relationships, software technology, non-compete agreements and trade names resulting from acquisitions, which have been fully integrated into the Company’s operations. The weighted average useful life of FactSet’s acquired identifiable intangible assets at February 29, 2016 was 11.0 years. The Company amortizes intangible assets over their estimated useful lives, which are evaluated quarterly to determine whether events and circumstances warrant a revision to the remaining period of amortization. There have been no changes to the estimate of the remaining useful lives during the first six months of fiscal 2016. Amortizable intangible assets are tested for impairment based on undiscounted cash flows, and, if impaired, written down to fair value based on discounted cash flows. No impairment of intangible assets has been identified during any of the periods presented. The intangible assets have no assigned residual values.

 

The gross carrying amounts and accumulated amortization totals related to the Company’s identifiable intangible assets are as follows:

 

(in thousands)

At February 29, 2016

 

Gross Carrying Amount

   

Accumulated Amortization

   

Net Carrying Amount

 

Data content

  $ 37,278     $ 17,107     $ 20,171  

Client relationships

    54,642       19,891       34,751  

Software technology

    63,684       17,719       45,965  

Non-compete agreements

    4,469       900       3,569  

Trade names

    3,583       1,286       2,297  

Total

  $ 163,656     $ 56,903     $ 106,753  

 

At August 31, 2015

 

Gross Carrying Amount

   

Accumulated Amortization

   

Net Carrying Amount

 

Data content

  $ 39,911     $ 16,667     $ 23,244  

Client relationships

    27,873       18,241       9,632  

Software technology

    21,203       15,042       6,161  

Non-compete agreements

    1,058       637       421  

Trade names

    1,614       1,020       594  

Total

  $ 91,659     $ 51,607     $ 40,052  

 

During six months ended February 29, 2016, $75.5 million of intangible assets were acquired with a weighted average useful life of 10.7 years.

 

Amortization expense recorded for intangible assets was $4.1 million and $2.0 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. Amortization expense recorded for intangible assets was $7.0 million and $4.1 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. As of February 29, 2016, estimated intangible asset amortization expense for each of the next five years and thereafter is as follows:

 

Fiscal Year (in thousands)

 

Estimated Amortization Expense

 

2016 (remaining six months)

  $ 8,108  

2017

    15,905  

2018

    14,611  

2019

    13,148  

2020

    12,602  

Thereafter

    42,379  

Total

  $ 106,753  

 

11. COMMON STOCK AND EARNINGS PER SHARE

 

On February 5, 2016, FactSet’s Board of Directors approved a regular quarterly dividend of $0.44 per share, or $1.76 per share per annum. The cash dividend of $18.0 million was paid on March, 15, 2016 to common stockholders of record at the close of business on February 29, 2016.

 

 
16

 

 

Shares of common stock outstanding were as follows:

 

   

Six Months ended

 

(in thousands)

 

February 29, 2016

   

February 28, 2015

 

Balance at September 1

    41,317       41,793  

Common stock issued for employee stock plans

    420       604  

Stock issued for acquisition of a business

          20  

Repurchase of common stock from employees(1)

    (14

)

    (17

)

Repurchase of common stock under the share repurchase program

    (715

)

    (770

)

Balance at February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively

    41,008       41,630  

 

 

(1)

For the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, the Company repurchased 13,831 and 17,165 shares, or $2.4 million and $2.2 million, of common stock, respectively, in settlement of employee tax withholding obligations due upon the vesting of restricted stock.

 

A reconciliation of the weighted average shares outstanding used in the basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) computations is as follows:

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

Net Income

(Numerator)

   

Weighted

Average

Common Shares

(Denominator)

   

Per Share

Amount

 

For the three months ended February 29, 2016

                       

Basic EPS

                       

Income available to common stockholders

  $ 67,763       41,117     $ 1.65  

Diluted EPS

                       

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock

            419          

Income available to common stockholders plus assumed conversions

  $ 67,763       41,536     $ 1.63  

For the three months ended February 28, 2015

                       

Basic EPS

                       

Income available to common stockholders

  $ 61,598       41,630     $ 1.48  

Diluted EPS

                       

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock

            676          

Income available to common stockholders plus assumed conversions

  $ 61,598       42,306     $ 1.46  
                         

For the six months ended February 29, 2016

                       

Basic EPS

                       

Income available to common stockholders

  $ 127,727       41,252     $ 3.10  

Diluted EPS

                       

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock

            547          

Income available to common stockholders plus assumed conversions

  $ 127,727       41,799     $ 3.06  

For the six months ended February 28, 2015

                       

Basic EPS

                       

Income available to common stockholders

  $ 117,458       41,658     $ 2.82  

Diluted EPS

                       

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock

            666          

Income available to common stockholders plus assumed conversions

  $ 117,458       42,324     $ 2.78  

 

Dilutive potential common shares consist of stock options and unvested restricted stock awards. The number of stock options excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share for the three and six months ended February 29, 2016 was 692,297, because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. No stock options were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share for the three and six months ended February 28, 2015.

 

For the three and six months ended February 29, 2016, the number of performance-based stock option grants excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share was 937,089. For the three and six months ended February 28, 2015, the number of performance-based stock option grants excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share was 494,297. Performance-based stock options are omitted from the calculation of diluted earnings per share until the performance criteria are probable of being achieved. The criterion was not yet probable of being achieved as of February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015 for these performance-based stock options.

 

 
17

 

 

12. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Preferred Stock

 

At February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015, there were 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock ($.01 par value per share) authorized, of which no shares were issued and outstanding. FactSet’s Board of Directors may from time to time authorize the issuance of one or more series of preferred stock and, in connection with the creation of such series, determine the characteristics of each such series including, without limitation, the preference and relative, participating, optional or other special rights, and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions of the series.          

 

Common Stock

 

At February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015, there were 150,000,000 shares of common stock ($.01 par value per share) authorized, of which 50,748,192 and 50,328,423 shares were issued, respectively. The authorized shares of common stock are issuable for any proper corporate purpose, including future stock splits, stock dividends, acquisitions, raising equity capital or to adopt additional employee benefit plans.

 

Treasury Stock

 

At February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015, there were 9,740,352 and 9,011,521 shares of treasury stock (at cost) outstanding, respectively. As a result, 41,007,840 and 41,316,902 shares of FactSet common stock were outstanding at February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015, respectively.

 

Share Repurchase Program

 

On December 14, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a $250.0 million expansion of the existing share repurchase program. During the first six months of fiscal 2016, the Company repurchased 715,000 shares for $113.3 million. At February 29, 2016, $270.9 million remains authorized for future share repurchases. Repurchases will be made from time to time in the open market and privately negotiated transactions, subject to market conditions. No minimum number of shares to be repurchased has been fixed. There is no timeframe to complete the repurchase program and it is expected that share repurchases will be paid using existing and future cash generated by operations.

 

Restricted Stock

 

Restricted stock awards entitle the holder to shares of common stock as the awards vest over time. During the first six months of fiscal 2016, 37,079 of previously granted restricted stock awards vested and were included in common stock outstanding as of February 29, 2016 (less 13,831 shares repurchased from employees to cover their cost of taxes upon vesting of the restricted stock). During the same period a year ago, 53,495 of previously granted restricted stock awards vested and were included in common stock outstanding as of February 28, 2015 (less 17,165 shares repurchased from employees to cover their cost of taxes upon vesting of the restricted stock).

 

Dividends

 

The Company’s Board of Directors declared the following historical dividends: 

 

Declaration Date

 

Dividends Per
Share of
Common Stock

 

Type

Record Date

 

Total $ Amount
(in thousands)

 

Payment Date

February 5, 2016

  $ 0.44  

Regular (cash)

February 29, 2016

  $ 18,044  

March 15, 2016

November 6, 2015

  $ 0.44  

Regular (cash)

November 30, 2015

  $ 18,208  

December 15, 2015

August 10, 2015

  $ 0.44  

Regular (cash)

August 31, 2015

  $ 18,179  

September 15, 2015

May 12, 2015

  $ 0.44  

Regular (cash)

May 29, 2015

  $ 18,274  

June 16, 2015

February 11, 2015

  $ 0.39  

Regular (cash)

February 27, 2015

  $ 16,236  

March 17, 2015

November 12, 2014

  $ 0.39  

Regular (cash)

November 28, 2014

  $ 16,216  

December 16, 2014

August 14, 2014

  $ 0.39  

Regular (cash)

August 29, 2014

  $ 16,299  

September 16, 2014

 

All of the above cash dividends were paid from existing cash resources. Future dividend payments will depend on the Company’s earnings, capital requirements, financial condition and other factors considered relevant by the Company and is subject to final determination by the Company’s Board of Directors.

 

13. EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTION AND RETIREMENT PLANS

 

Stock Option Awards

 

The FactSet Research Systems Inc. 2004 Stock Option and Award Plan, as Amended and Restated (the “Option Plan”) provides for the grant of share-based awards, including stock options and restricted stock awards to employees of FactSet. The expiration date of the Option Plan is December 14, 2020. Stock options granted under the Option Plan expire either seven or ten years from the date of grant and the majority vest ratably over a period of five years. Options become vested and exercisable provided the employee continues employment with the Company through the applicable vesting date and remain exercisable until expiration or cancellation. Options are not transferable or assignable other than by will or the laws of descent and distribution. During the grantee’s lifetime, the options may be exercised only by the grantee.

  

 
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Stock Option Activity

 

During the first six months of fiscal 2016, FactSet granted 1,048,276 stock options at a weighted average exercise price of $170.13 to existing employees of the Company. As of February 29, 2016, a total of 3,787,773 stock options were outstanding at a weighted average exercise price of $123.24. Unamortized stock-based compensation of $54.5 million is expected to be recognized as stock-based compensation expense over the remaining vesting period of 3.7 years.

 

A summary of stock option activity is as follows:

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

Number

Outstanding

   

Weighted Average

Exercise Price Per Share

 

Balance at August 31, 2015

    3,117     $ 100.71  

Granted – non performance-based

    514     $ 175.20  

Granted – performance-based

    530     $ 165.37  

Exercised

    (277

)

  $ 63.72  

Forfeited

    (8

)

  $ 108.32  

Balance at November 30, 2015

    3,876     $ 122.06  

Granted – non performance-based

    4     $ 150.81  

Granted – non-employee Directors grant

    23     $ 146.82  

Exercised

    (70

)

  $ 63.77  

Forfeited

    (45

)

  $ 127.82  

Balance at February 29, 2016

    3,788     $ 123.24  

 

The total number of in-the-money options exercisable as of February 29, 2016 was 1.2 million with a weighted average exercise price of $85.45. As of August 31, 2015, 1.4 million in-the-money outstanding options were exercisable with a weighted average exercise price of $78.70. The aggregate intrinsic value of in-the-money stock options exercisable at February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015 was $77.4 million and $107.1 million, respectively. Aggregate intrinsic value represents the difference between the Company’s closing stock price of $150.49 on February 29, 2016 and the exercise price multiplied by the number of options exercisable as of that date. The total pre-tax intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015 was $6.0 million and $32.8 million, respectively. The total pre-tax intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015 was $33.7 million and $38.8 million, respectively.

 

Performance-based Stock Options

 

Performance-based stock options require management to make assumptions regarding the likelihood of achieving Company performance targets. The number of performance-based options that vest will be predicated on the Company achieving performance levels during the measurement period subsequent to the date of grant. Dependent on the financial performance levels attained by FactSet, a percentage of the performance-based stock options will vest to the grantees of those stock options. However, there is no current guarantee that such options will vest in whole or in part.

 

July 2012 Performance-based Option Grant Review

In July 2012, FactSet granted 241,546 performance-based employee stock options, which are eligible to vest in 20% tranches depending upon future StreetAccount user growth through August 31, 2017. Through the second quarter of fiscal 2016, three of the growth targets as outlined within the terms of the grant were achieved. As such, 60%, or 144,942, of the options granted have vested. As of February 29, 2016, the fourth tranche is expected to vest on August 31, 2016 while the fifth tranche is expected to vest on August 31, 2017, resulting in unamortized stock-based compensation expense of $0.7 million to be recognized over the remaining vesting period of 1.5 years. A change in the actual financial performance levels achieved by StreetAccount in future fiscal years could result in the following changes to the current estimate of the vesting percentage and related expense:

 

(in thousands)

Vesting

Percentage

 

Cumulative

Catch-up Adjustment*

   

Remaining Expense

to be Recognized

 

Fourth 20%

  $ (1,135 )   $ 192  

Fifth 20% (current expectation)

  $     $ 657  

 

* Amounts represent the cumulative catch-up adjustment to be recorded if there was a change in the vesting percentage as of February 29, 2016

 

 
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February 2015 Performance-based Option Grant Review

In connection with the acquisition of Code Red during the second quarter of fiscal 2015, FactSet granted 137,522 performance-based stock options. These performance-based options are eligible to vest four years from date of grant if certain Code Red ASV and operating margin targets are achieved over the measurement period. The option holders must also remain employed by FactSet to be eligible to vest. Of the total grant, 68,761 performance-based options are eligible for vesting based on achieving the growth targets over a two year measurement period ending February 28, 2017 and the remaining 68,761 options are eligible to cliff vest based on a four year measurement period ending February 28, 2019. As of February 29, 2016, total unamortized stock-based compensation of $1.8 million will be recognized as expense over the remaining vesting period of 2.9 years. A change, up or down, in the actual financial performance levels achieved by Code Red in future fiscal years could result in the following changes to the current estimate of the vesting percentage and related expense:

 

(in thousands)

Vesting

Percentage

 

Cumulative

Catch-up Adjustment*

   

Remaining Expense

to be Recognized

 

0%

  $ (638 )   $ 0  

10%

  $ (478 )   $ 441  

40% (current expectation)

  $     $ 1,764  

70%

  $ 478     $ 3,087  

100%

  $ 956     $ 4,410  

 

* Amounts represent the cumulative catch-up adjustment to be recorded if there was a change in the vesting percentage as of February 29, 2016

 

October 2015 Performance-based Option Grant Review

In connection with the acquisition of Portware during the first quarter of fiscal 2016, FactSet granted 530,418 performance-based stock options. These performance-based options will vest 40% on the second anniversary date of the grant and 20% on each subsequent anniversary date if certain Portware revenue and operating income targets are achieved by October 16, 2017. The option holders must also remain employed by FactSet to be eligible to vest. As of February 29, 2016, FactSet does not believe these growth targets are probable of being achieved, and as such, no stock-based compensation expense is expected to be recognized in connection with these performance-based options. A change in the actual financial performance levels achieved by Portware in future fiscal years could result in the following changes to the current estimate of the vesting percentage and related expense:

 

(in thousands)

Vesting

Percentage

 

Cumulative

Catch-up Adjustment*

   

Remaining Expense

to be Recognized

 

0% (current expectation)

  $ 0     $ 0  

50%

  $ 613     $ 11,331  

70%

  $ 858     $ 15,864  

100%

  $ 1,226     $ 22,662  

 

* Amounts represent the cumulative catch-up adjustment to be recorded if there was a change in the vesting percentage as of February 29, 2016

 

Other Performance-based Option Grant Review

In connection with the acquisition of Matrix, FactSet granted 165,949 performance-based stock options on December 23, 2013 with a total grant date fair value of $5.0 million. The performance-based options granted in connection with the acquisition of Matrix will vest only if ASV and operating margin targets related to the Matrix business are met during a five year measurement period ending December 23, 2018, and the option holders remain employed by FactSet. As of February 29, 2016, FactSet does not believe these targets are probable of being achieved, and as such, no stock-based compensation expense is expected to be realized in connection with these options.

 

Restricted Stock and Stock Unit Awards

 

The Company’s Option Plan permit the issuance of restricted stock and restricted stock units. Restricted stock awards are subject to continued employment over a specified period.

 

Restricted Stock and Stock Unit Awards Activity

 

During the first six months of fiscal 2016, FactSet granted 93,120 restricted stock awards to employees of the Company at a weighted average grant date fair value of $159.46. These restricted stock awards vest over a weighted average period of 4.6 years from grant date.

 

 
20

 

 

As of February 29, 2016, a total of 358,022 shares of restricted stock and restricted stock units were unvested and outstanding, which results in unamortized stock-based compensation of $30.7 million to be recognized as stock-based compensation expense over the remaining vesting period of 3.6 years.

 

A summary of restricted stock award activity is as follows:

 

(in thousands, except per award data)

 

Number Outstanding

   

Weighted Average

Grant Date Fair Value Per Award

 

Balance at August 31, 2015

    313     $ 103.34  

Granted

    93     $ 159.46  

Vested(1)

    (37 )   $ 84.38  

Canceled/forfeited

    (1 )   $ 97.92  

Balance at November 30, 2015

    368     $ 119.44  

Canceled/forfeited

    (10 )   $ 115.03  

Balance at February 29, 2016

    358     $ 119.55  

 

 

(1)

All of the 37,079 restricted stock awards that vested during the first quarter of fiscal 2016 related to awards granted on November 8, 2010. The remaining 40% of these restricted stock awards cliff vested after five years on November 8, 2015 and were amortized to expense over the vesting period using the straight-line attribution method. 

 

Share-based Awards Available for Grant

 

A summary of share-based awards available for grant is as follows:

 

(in thousands)

 

Share-based Awards

Available for Grant under

the Employee Option Plan

   

Share-based Awards

Available for Grant under

the Non-Employee Directors Plan

 

Balance at August 31, 2015

    2,441       88  

Granted – non performance-based options

    (514 )      

Granted – performance-based options

    (530 )      

Restricted stock awards granted(1)

    (232 )      

Share-based awards canceled/forfeited(2)

    11        

Balance at November 30, 2015

    1,176       88  

Granted – non performance-based options

    (4 )     (22 )

Share-based awards canceled/forfeited(2)

    71          

Balance at February 29, 2016

    1,243       66  

 

 

(1)

Each restricted stock award granted is equivalent to 2.5 shares granted under the Company’s Option Plan.

 

 

(2)

Under the Company’s Option Plan, for each restricted stock award canceled/forfeited, an equivalent of 2.5 shares is added back to the available share-based awards balance.

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

Shares of FactSet common stock may be purchased by eligible employees under the Amended and Restated FactSet Research Systems Inc. 2008 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “Purchase Plan”) in three-month intervals at a purchase price equal to at least 85% of the lesser of the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on either the first day or the last day of each three-month offering period. Employee purchases may not exceed 10% of their gross compensation during an offering period.

 

During the three months ended February 29, 2016, employees purchased 20,338 shares at a weighted average price of $127.92 as compared to 17,811 shares at a weighted average price of $116.95 for the three months ended February 28, 2015. During the six months ended February 29, 2016, employees purchased 36,173 shares at a weighted average price of $128.99 as compared to 33,208 shares at a weighted average price of $113.12 in the same period a year ago. At February 29, 2016, 445,443 shares were reserved for future issuance under the Purchase Plan.

 

401(k) Plan

 

The Company established it 401(k) Plan in fiscal 1993. The 401(k) Plan is a defined contribution plan covering all full-time, U.S. employees of the Company and is subject to the provisions of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 and the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (“IRC”). Each year, participants may contribute up to 60% of their eligible annual compensation, subject to annual limitations established by the IRC. The Company matches up to 4% of employees’ earnings, capped at the Internal Revenue Service annual maximum. Company matching contributions are subject to a five year graduated vesting schedule. All full-time, U.S. employees are eligible for the matching contribution by the Company. The Company contributed $4.5 million and $4.0 million in matching contributions to employee 401(k) accounts during the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively.

 

 
21

 

 

14. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

 

The Company recognized total stock-based compensation expense of $8.6 million and $15.0 million during the three and six months ended February 29, 2016, respectively. Similarly, the Company recognized total stock-based compensation expense of $5.8 million and $11.0 million during the three and six months ended February 28, 2015, respectively. As of February 29, 2016, $85.2 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested equity awards is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.7 years. There was no stock-based compensation capitalized as of February 29, 2016 or August 31, 2015, respectively.

 

Employee Stock Option Fair Value Determinations

 

The Company utilizes the lattice-binomial option-pricing model (“binomial model”) to estimate the fair value of new employee stock option grants. The Company’s determination of fair value of stock option awards on the date of grant using the binomial model is affected by the Company’s stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of variables. These variables include, but are not limited to the Company’s expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, interest rates, option forfeitures and employee stock option exercise behaviors.

   

Q1 2016

513,785 non performance-based employee stock options and 530,418 performance-based employee stock options were granted at a weighted average exercise price of $170.21 and a weighted average estimated fair value of $46.62 per share.

   

Q2 2016

4,073 non performance-based employee stock options were granted at an exercise price of $150.81 and an estimated fair value of $40.51 per share.

   

Q1 2015 

462,913 non performance-based employee stock options were granted at a weighted average exercise price of $131.31 and a weighted average estimated fair value of $37.67 per share.

   

Q2 2015

25,075 non performance-based employee stock options and 137,522 performance-based employee stock options were granted at a weighted average exercise price of $147.05 and a weighted average estimated fair value of $43.05 per share.

 

The weighted average estimated fair value of employee stock options granted during the three and six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015 was determined using the binomial model with the following weighted average assumptions:

 

Three months ended

 

February 29, 2016

   

February 28, 2015

 

Term structure of risk-free interest rate

    0.16% - 2.12%       0.06% - 2.34%  

Expected life (years)

      7.42           8.3    

Term structure of volatility

    21% - 30%       21% - 31%  

Dividend yield

      1.07%           1.29%    

Weighted average estimated fair value

      $40.51           $43.05    

Weighted average exercise price

      $150.81           $147.05    

Fair value as a percentage of exercise price

      26.9%           29.3%    

 

Six months ended

 

February 29, 2016

   

February 28, 2015

 

Term structure of risk-free interest rate

    0.07% - 2.12%       0.06% - 2.34%  

Expected life (years)

      7.77           8.2    

Term structure of volatility

    21% - 30%       21% - 31%  

Dividend yield

      1.07%           1.35%    

Weighted average estimated fair value

      $46.59           $39.07    

Weighted average exercise price

      $170.13           $135.40    

Fair value as a percentage of exercise price

      27.4%           28.9%    

 

 
22

 

 

The risk-free interest rate assumption for periods within the contractual life of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. Expected volatility is based on a combination of historical volatility of the Company’s stock and implied volatilities of publicly traded options to buy FactSet common stock with contractual terms closest to the expected life of options granted to employees. The approach to utilize a mix of historical and implied volatility was based upon the availability of actively traded options on the Company’s stock and the Company’s assessment that a combination of implied volatility and historical volatility is best representative of future stock price trends. The Company uses historical data to estimate option exercises and employee termination within the valuation model. The dividend yield assumption is based on the Company’s history and expectation of dividend payouts. The expected life of employee stock options represents the weighted average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding and is a derived output of the binomial model. The binomial model estimates employees exercise behavior based on the option’s remaining vested life and the extent to which the option is in-the-money. The binomial model estimates the probability of exercise as a function of these two variables based on the entire history of exercises and cancellations of all past option grants made by the Company.

 

Non-Employee Director Stock Option Fair Value Determinations

 

The 2008 Non-Employee Directors’ Stock Option Plan (the “Directors’ Plan”) provides for the grant of share-based awards, including stock options, to non-employee directors of FactSet. An initial 250,000 shares of FactSet common stock were reserved for issuance under the Directors’ Plan, of which 66,031 remain available for future grant as of February 29, 2016. The expiration date of the Directors’ Plan is December 1, 2018.

 

The Company utilizes the Black-Scholes model to estimate the fair value of non-employee Director stock option grants. The Company’s determination of fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant is affected by the Company’s stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of variables. These variables include, but are not limited to the Company’s expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, interest rates, option forfeitures and employee stock option exercise behaviors.

 

Fiscal 2016

 

On January 15, 2016, FactSet granted 22,559 stock options to the Company’s non-employee Directors, including a one-time new Director grant of 2,417 for Laurie Siegel, who was elected to FactSet’s Board of Directors on December 1